Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, some more serious than others. Some might require emergency action and immediate care by an optometrist, while others can be taken care of at home. Read these guidelines for typical eye injuries, to determine your next step in case of an accident. Keep in mind that common sense safety measures such as wearing protective goggles may be the smartest way to keep your eyes safe.
One injury that should be regarded seriously is a corneal abrasion (scratched eye). It can cause serious damage in a short amount of time and potentially end in vision loss. Abrasions are generally caused by a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is dust in it. Since a scratch can make your eye susceptible to bacterial infection it's very important to call your optometrist or an urgent care office. The best care for a corneal abrasion is to keep it loosely covered and to see your optometrist as soon as possible to make sure it is isn't infected. Touching the eye will only cause greater damage and entirely covering the eye can give bacteria a place to grow.
It's important to be aware of what steps to take if you've been splashed in the eye by a chemical. The first thing to do is put your face under a steady stream of lukewarm water for about a quarter of an hour. Then contact your optometrist or an urgent care center to find out what they suggest for such injuries. Be certain to tell the practitioner precisely what chemical got into your eye and what you're doing. If you're experiencing intense blurriness, go immediately to your eye care practitioner or an urgent care center after flushing it with water. Chemical encounters with the eye can cause a range of degrees of damage, from minimal irritation to serious harm and potentially vision loss.
While no one ever wants to anticipate a serious eye injury, it's advisable to have a plan for what to do in serious circumstances. By being prepared you can rest assured that you'll be ready to face most common eye issues. Of course, extra safety measures can help you avoid these injuries altogether so speak to your optometrist about preventative eye care options!