Often, when either children or adults experience poor vision, it can be due to several possible conditions such as changes in the body or defects in the eye or visual system, eye diseases, side effects of medicine or injuries to the eye. Commonly, people also suffer from visual abnormalities resulting from aging or eye strain. Aging and stress can lead to changes in your eyesight, which might make it painful or difficult to get through daily activities such as reading the newspaper or using a computer for extended periods of time. These vision problems can be expressed via the following symptoms: blurry vision, headaches, eye strain, squinting and problems seeing at short or long distances.
One of the first signs of a vision problem can be blurred vision. If you suffer from blurred vision when focusing on faraway objects, you could very well be myopic or nearsighted. If you have blurred vision when you're viewing anything nearby this may be a sign of farsightedness, or hyperopia. Blurred vision can also be a sign of astigmatism due to a flaw in the way the cornea is formed. Whatever the cause of blurry vision, it's essential that an optometrist thoroughly check your vision and decide on the best way to improve your sight.
A sudden onset of flashes of light, together with black floating spots and what may feel like a dark curtain blocking a part of your vision indicates the chance of what's known as a retinal detachment. If this happens, visit your eye doctor right away, because it can have serious consequences.
Another common indicator of a vision problem is difficulty discerning different colors or brightness of color. This indicates a color perception problem, or color blindness. Color vision defects are often unknown to the patient until diagnosed by testing. Color blindness is mostly found in males. If present in a female it might represent ocular disease, in which case, an eye doctor should be consulted. If you can't see objects in minimal light, it is a sign of possible night blindness.
An issue commonly found in older patients is cataracts, which have several indicating signs including: blurry vision that weakens in bright light, weak night vision, trouble discerning small writing or objects, the need for brighter light when reading, painful redness around the eye, and an opaque white appearance to the usually dark pupil.
Throbbing pain in the eye, headaches, unclear sight, inflammation in the eye, colorful coronas around lights, nausea and vomiting are signs of glaucoma, a severe medical illness, which calls for prompt medical attention.
When it comes to children, we recommend you look out for uncoordinated eye movement, or crossed eyes, which may indicate a vision problem called strabismus. Specific things children might do, like rubbing one or both eyes frequently, squinting, head tilting, or needing to shut one eye in order to look at things better, often point to this issue.
If you have any of the symptoms we've mentioned here, make an appointment with your eye doctor as soon as possible. While clearly some conditions could be more severe than others, anything that restricts clear eyesight can be something that compromises your quality of life. A short consultation with your optometrist can prevent being avoidably uncomfortable, not to mention further eye and vision problems.